Personality disorders in children
In this article, Daily Human Care is going to talk about personality disorders in children But before that, let us discuss Personality disorders first.
What is a personality disorder?
A personality disorder is a concept that makes it difficult for people to get along with others, irrespective of their atmosphere and circumstances. Children and adolescents with a personality disorder face difficulty in relationships and blame the conditions or people around them for their issues. This conduct leads to a sense of solitude and isolation.
Disorders of personality are typically seen in adolescents or early adulthood. Although not as popular, they may start in infancy.
Types of Personality Disorders in Children and Teens
Cluster A Disorders of Personality
In this Cluster, Disorders of the personality are characterized by unusual, excentric thought and actions. It includes paranoid disorder, the schizotypal disorder of personality, and schizoid disorder of personality. Cluster A’s typical characteristics are social distress, skewed perception and inappropriate emotional responses.
Cluster B Disorders of Personality
Cluster B encompasses mental, dramatic and erratic thought and behavioural disorders. Cluster B disorders include borderline personality disorder, antisocial personality disorder and histrionic personality disorders. The common characteristics of Cluster B personality disorders are impulse control problems, excessively emotional or erratic thought or behaviour, and other emotional regulation issues.
Cluster C Disorders of Personality
Cluster C encompasses conditions marked by anxiety, apprehension and behaviour. Cluster C involves an obsessive-compulsive disorder of the personality, preventive disruption of the person and dependent person. The personality disorders of Cluster C share a high level of anxiety.
Common disorders among children
Children’s mental health problems, or developmental disorders treated by practitioners in mental health include:
- Disorders of anxiety, Anxiety disorders are persistent fears or anxieties in adolescents that hinder their ability to play in schools or in usual social conditions—diagnosis of social anxiety, widespread anxiety and obsessive-compulsive disorders.
- Attention-deficit/hyperactivity (ADHD), Children with ADHD suffer from complications, impulsive behaviour, hyperactivity or a combination of such problems in most of the same age children.
- Autism Spectrum disorder (ASD), Autism is a developmental early childhood condition — typically prior to age 3. Although the essence of ASD varies, a child with this disorder has trouble interacting and engaging with others.
- Eating disorders, Eating disorders are characterized as a matter of concern for the ideal body shape, weight loss, unhealthy eating and diet. Mental, social and lifestyle problems may be contributed by eating disorders such as nervous anorexia, bulimia, and binge-eating disorder.
- Depression and mood disorder, Depression is a lasting sense of depression and lack of interest, which disturbs a child’s ability to work and communicate in school. Bipolar disorder induces significant mood swings from depression to highly unguarded emotional or behavioural levels, harmful or unhealthy.
- Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), PTSD prolongs the emotional pain, anxiety, flashbacks and nightmares of violence, abuse, injury and other traumas.
- Schizophrenia, Schizophrenia is a condition that causes a person to lose contact (psychosis) with memories and thoughts. Schizophrenia most frequently happens in the late 1920s and leads to hallucinations, delusions and disordered thinking.
Signs of mental illness in children(Personality disorders in children)
Warning signs that Personality disorders in children may have a mental health disorder include:
- Permanent depression
- Removal or avoidance of social experiences
- Hurt themself or talk about self-suffering
- Talking about death or suicide
- Extreme irritability or outbursts
- Foreign actions that can be detrimental
- Personality, mood, or behaviour changes
- Changes in dietary habits
- Weight loss
- Sleep trouble
- Headache or stomach sometimes
- Difficulty to concentrate
- Academic performance changes
- Stop or missing school
Also read, how social media harms your mental health
Can we diagnose a personality disorder in children?
Technically, a personality disorder is not diagnosed until a person is 18 years of age or older. This is an area of much speculation and controversy. We, Daily Human Care, think that personality disorder in children signs should be tested early in life.
Personality Development Disorder(Personality disorders in children)
Personality developmental disorder is a rigid, pervasive pattern of inner thought and behaviour that varies significantly from the expectations of the individual’s culture.
A personality disorder is not classified as a psychological disorder in any medical textbook. The word personality development disorder is used to describe the result of development to highlight changes in personality development. Personality development disease is an early stage of a first adult’s personality disorder or a childhood risk factor.
The word ‘personality disorder’ was used in German for the first time in Spiel & Spiel (1987). Adam & Breithaupt-Peters (2010) have acknowledged and suggested this concept in a more contemporary way.
Cause of Personality disorders in children
For personality disorders, there are many causes and causal associations common to adult personality disorders. It is necessary to analyze the condition from various points of view and an individual perspective in clinical practice. It must be observed that there are biological and neurologic causes and psychosocial influences. You also neglect other essential factors or causal associations if you look at the disorder with only one respect (for example, in impoverished childhood). This may be one of the main reasons why traditional treatment approaches sometimes fail. A multi-dimensional approach to the treatment of these conditions is the only way.
Diagnosis of Personality disorders in children
The condition of diagnostic personality development may only be cautiously and after a long evaluation period. A thorough medical examination is also essential. The seriousness and length of the problem should be evaluated separately and in accordance with the infant. Standardized tests of personality can also be helpful. The family should also be asked what methods of healing they have so far followed successfully.
The personality development disorders of Adam and Breithaupt-Peter are defined as complex disorders
- which show similarities to some form of adult personality disorder
- which lasts for a long time (more than a year and appears to be chronic
- having a significant adverse effect on more than one essential field of the functioning or social life
- which demonstrate resistance to conventional methods of education and therapy
- This leads to diminished insight or misunderstanding of the behaviour of the problem itself. The family typically struggles more than the infant or teenager and has trouble handling reduced introspection.
- Which makes meaningful experiences between children/adolescents and others impossible. Social collisions, instead are part of regular life.
- Which threaten the young person’s social integration into society and may lead to emotional disability.
Therapy or treatment of Personality disorders in children
Problems related to personality development typically need a multi-dimensional and complex treatment approach (Adam & Breithaupt-Peters 2010). Because the conditions are different, care needs to functionally and socially impact the symptoms. Careful and problematic processes work together in education and behaviour techniques. It must involve the school setting and parents. The methods of treatment must be versatile and personally adjustable. In some instances, social work components may also support families, and treatment may be needed. A doctor will better provide care if there are common suicide trends or self-injuries.
For particular personality development disorders (e.g., borderline personality disorder) (e.g. dialect therapy) adult treatments can be tailored for specific conditions.
Also read, Child-Parent Psychotherapy to improve your relation with your child.